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Improving the Management of Protected Natural Areas

Main achievements:

In 2003-2004 the program focused its efforts on designing management plans and socio-economic patterns for protected areas of:

      KAMCHATKA
      Within the framework of the UNDP/GEF project 'Demonstration of sustainable biodiversity conservation by the example of four protected areas in Kamtchatskaya oblast (the Russian Federation)', BCC supervised management plan development for the Kronotski state nature biosphere reserve and federal refuge "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski", as well as for the Kamtchatskaya oblast nature parks "Nalytchyevo" and "Bystrinski". All these areas are listed as UNESCO World heritage sites within the nomination "Kamtchatka volcanoes".
      Kronotsky biosphere reserve and "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski" refuge management plans aim at implementation of the Seville strategy and assume establishing a biosphere site (transition area) in the "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski" refuge. Both management plans are locally coordinated and approved by the Department on protected areas and biodiversity of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources.
      Management plans for nature parks "Nalytchyevo" and "Bystrinski" are coordinated with local authorities and approved by the Kamtchatskaya oblast administration.

      TURKMENISTAN
      Together with the British association RHS, suggestions on content and structure of the UNDP/GEF project 'Biodiversity conservation in the Kugitang Mountains' in Turkmenistan were developed. It was suggested that the major project concept would include establishing the first Turkmenistan national park on the basis of existing protected areas. This national park should provide sustainable living for the local community through nature resource conservation and, in particular, ecological tourism development.

      UZBEKISTAN
      BCC together with the British association RHS developed the project 'Tugai forest biodiversity conservation in Karakalpakstan' in the Amudarya River mouth. The project suggests to combine active actions on conservation and restoration of tugai vegetation with improvement of local population socio-economic living conditions. To improve forest conservation, the project supposes strengthening protected area network through establishing a national park which would include the reserve "Badai-Tugai", refuge "Nurumtyubek", and forested parts of Nukussky and Bozataussky forestry enterprises as a core area.

      Besides,

    • the BCC prepared some documents in order to give a number of protected areas the status of biosphere reserves. In particular, UNESCO MAB Program Advisory Committee approved the application for including the national park "Kenozersky" into the UNESCO World biosphere reserve network.

    • implementation of sustainable livelihood micro-projects in National Parks "Ugra", "Smolenskoe Poozerie" and biophere reserve "Katunski" continued.

    • national parks "Ugra" and "Smolenskoe Poozerie" obtained status of the biosphere reserves.
      The work on creating a transition area in "Ugra" is underway.

    • the Program's experts took part in holding the workshop 'Biosphere Reserves Planning in the Central Asia' organised with the support of "InWent - Capacity Building International, (Germany)" and German organization GTZ on the base of the biosphere reserve Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan (October 2003)

In 2000-02
participants of the programphoto1

  • developed management plans for national parks "Kenozersky", "Shushensky Bor", "Sebezhsky", "Russki Sever" within the State Ecological Fund project "Conservation of Biodiversity in the Russian Federation";

  • prepared and published "Management Strategy for Russian National Parks" in cooperation with The Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) of the Russian Federation and RHS Associates Ltd.;

  • launched micro-projects on sustainable livelihood of the local population on the four model territories: national parks "Ugra" and "Smolenskoe Poozerie" and biosphere reserves "Katunski" and "Tsentralno-Lesnoi";

  • developed the program of Additional professional education "Management of National Parks", designed specially for experts and executives of national parks. The program was approved by the MNR of the Russian Federation;

  • started implementing the principles of regulated tourism and recreation on the territories of national parks "Ugra", "Smolenskoe Poozerie", "Shushenski Bor", and biosphere reserve "Katunski", that is: arranged the work on:
    · building appropriate guest houses
    · designing and promoting an environmentally friendly fishing tour
    on their territories.

In 1997-99

the BCC developed management plans for the national park "Smolenskoe Poozerie", state zapovednik "Katunski" and Tsentralno-Lesnoi Boisphere State Zapovednik (sponsor - the Know How Fund, Great Britain); provided methodological and financial support in organising:

  • the bio-monitoring program for zapovednik "Katunski"

  • the visit center of Tsentralno-Lesnoi Boisphere State Zapovednik

  • the ecological education center in national park "Smolenskoe Poozerie"

and also in creating GIS databases to optimize management of these PNAs.

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