Improving the Management
of Protected Natural Areas
In 2003-2004 the program focused its
efforts on designing management plans and socio-economic patterns for protected
Within the framework of the UNDP/GEF project 'Demonstration
of sustainable biodiversity conservation by the example of four protected
areas in Kamtchatskaya oblast (the Russian Federation)', BCC supervised
management plan development for the Kronotski
state nature biosphere reserve and federal refuge "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski",
as well as for the Kamtchatskaya oblast nature parks "Nalytchyevo"
and "Bystrinski". All these areas are listed as UNESCO
World heritage sites within the nomination "Kamtchatka volcanoes". Kronotsky biosphere reserve and "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski"
refuge management plans aim at implementation of the Seville strategy and
assume establishing a biosphere site (transition area) in the "Yuzhno-Kamtchatski"
refuge. Both management plans are locally coordinated and approved by the
Department on protected areas and biodiversity of the Russian Ministry of
Management plans for nature parks "Nalytchyevo" and "Bystrinski"
are coordinated with local authorities and approved by the Kamtchatskaya
Together with the British association RHS, suggestions on content and structure
of the UNDP/GEF project 'Biodiversity conservation in the Kugitang
Mountains' in Turkmenistan were developed. It was suggested that
the major project concept would include establishing the first Turkmenistan
national park on the basis of existing protected areas. This national park
should provide sustainable living for the local community through nature
resource conservation and, in particular, ecological tourism development.
BCC together with the British association RHS developed the project 'Tugai
forest biodiversity conservation in Karakalpakstan' in the Amudarya
River mouth. The project suggests to combine active actions on conservation
and restoration of tugai vegetation with improvement of local population
socio-economic living conditions. To improve forest conservation, the project
supposes strengthening protected area network through establishing a national
park which would include the reserve "Badai-Tugai", refuge
"Nurumtyubek", and forested parts of Nukussky and
Bozataussky forestry enterprises as a core area.
the BCC prepared some documents in order to give a number of protected
areas the status of biosphere reserves. In particular, UNESCO MAB Program
Advisory Committee approved the application for including the national park
"Kenozersky" into the UNESCO World biosphere reserve network.
implementation of sustainable livelihood micro-projects in National Parks
"Ugra", "Smolenskoe Poozerie" and biophere
reserve "Katunski" continued.
national parks "Ugra" and "Smolenskoe Poozerie"
obtained status of the biosphere reserves.
The work on creating a transition area in "Ugra" is underway.
the Program's experts took part in holding the workshop 'Biosphere Reserves
Planning in the Central Asia' organised with the support of "InWent
- Capacity Building International, (Germany)" and German organization
GTZ on the base of the biosphere reserve Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan (October
In 2000-02 participants of the
developed management plans for national parks "Kenozersky",
"Shushensky Bor", "Sebezhsky", "Russki
Sever" within the State Ecological Fund project "Conservation
of Biodiversity in the Russian Federation";
launched micro-projects on sustainable livelihood of the local population
on the four model territories: national parks "Ugra" and
"Smolenskoe Poozerie" and biosphere reserves "Katunski"
developed the program of Additional professional education "Management
of National Parks", designed specially for experts and executives
of national parks. The program was approved by the MNR of the Russian Federation;
started implementing the principles of regulated tourism and recreation
on the territories of national parks "Ugra", "Smolenskoe
Poozerie", "Shushenski Bor", and biosphere reserve
"Katunski", that is: arranged the work on:
· building appropriate guest houses
· designing and promoting an environmentally friendly fishing tour
on their territories.
the BCC developed management plans for the national park "Smolenskoe
Poozerie", state zapovednik "Katunski" and Tsentralno-Lesnoi
Boisphere State Zapovednik (sponsor - the Know How Fund, Great Britain);
provided methodological and financial support in organising:
the bio-monitoring program for zapovednik "Katunski"
the visit center of Tsentralno-Lesnoi Boisphere State Zapovednik
the ecological education center in national park "Smolenskoe Poozerie"
and also in creating GIS databases to optimize management of these PNAs.