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Middleton and Hawkins Chamberlain (1997) defined Tourism Carrying Capacity (TCC) as «...the level of human activity an area can accommodate without the area deteriorating, the resident community being adversely affected or the quality of visitors experience declining».

The World Tourism Organisation (WTO) proposes the following definition of the carrying capacity «The maximum number of people that may visit a tourist destination at the same time, without causing destruction of the physical, economic, socio-cultural environment and an unacceptable decrease in the quality of visitors' satisfaction. » (UNEP/MAP/PAP, 1997).


Exercise for user

ICZM is:

  1. A dynamic, multidimensional and continuous process
  2. A dynamic, multidisciplinary and iterative process
  3. A constant, interdisciplinary and incessant process

Black Sea

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